If you've installed the Windows operating system before, you'll find that loading Ubuntu is easier than loading Windows, and it's quicker. Plus you'll never be asked to type in your disk number, and then contact Microsoft to authenticate your software.
Let's get started. Put your Ubuntu CD in the cd drive, with your bios set up to boot from CD. The first screen that will come up will ask you what language you would like to use; then the initial menu screen will appear . First, I would recommend that you "Check the disk for defects." This will check your cd to make sure the disk is clean and has everything needed to load the operating system. If you remember my last post, if the disk is corrupted, you could get an error message that you will not relate to the disk.
Before going further, if you would like Ubuntu to install your Internet connection during install, plug an Ethernet cable connected to the Internet into the back of your computer.
After checking the disk, you can select "Try Ubuntu without any change to your computer." This will load the operating system into your memory from the CD without loading it on your hard drive. If you go this route, once the operating system loads, the Ubuntu desktop will have an icon on it to install Ubuntu. Click on the "Install Ubuntu" icon on the desktop to start the install to your hard drive. Or, you can select "Install Ubuntu" from the CD menu, and go directly to loading Ubuntu to your hard drive.
Installing Ubuntu: the first screen will ask you to select your language, and click Forward. Next you'll set your computer time zone, and then your keyboard. You can just click the "Suggested option: "USA," and test your keyboard in the bottom part of the window.
If your building your computer from scratch, you'll get a screen to allow you to use the entire disk, or partition the disk. Without a previous operating system, the installation is easy, select "Use the Entire Disk." The disk will be formatted with the "ext4" file system, which is new with this release, the old file system was called "ext3." In contrast, windows file system is called, "NTFS." I recommend giving an entire disk to Ubuntu, rather than partitioning part of a disk, even if you decide to dual boot.
If you already have an operating system on your computer, you'll get the disk partitioning screen with some choices. You can: dual boot the operating system, erase the operating system and use the entire disk, use the largest continuous free disk space as a partition, or partition the disk manually.
The only reason to partition a part of the disk is if you want to dual boot with Windows. I personally don't care for dual booting. If you want to learn to use Ubuntu, dedicate yourself to doing that, use one computer for Windows and another computer for Ubuntu. You can use the same monitor, mouse, and keyboard with a KVM switch. You won't have to mess with partitioning your disk, and every time you start your computer, you won't have to select which operating system you want to use. Ubuntu will load smoother and quicker, and you'll be much happier. In the end, you'll have Ubuntu set up just like your Windows computer, you'll have two computers both fully operational, and you'll have learned to use Ubuntu. Bye, bye, Microsoft. Let's continue.
We come to the username and password screen. Fill in your name, the name that will appear in the log in window, and your password twice. Give your computer a unique name for use with a network or future network. If several people are using your computer, you probably want to require a password to log in to the computer, if it's just you, select "Log in automatically," and the computer will start without a password.
The next screen reviews the installation. There is an advanced button for installing the boot loader to another disk like a USB jump drive. I do not recommend doing this until you become a little more familiar with Ubuntu.
Click Install and we're off. After about 10-15 minutes you will get a reboot screen. Reboot the computer, remove the CD, and watch Ubuntu load, put in your password, if applicable, and welcome to the Ubuntu desktop. We'll talk about that in our next post.